Construction can be defined as the set of co-related and co-dependent processes involved in assembling or building structures. For a construction project to be successful, it must have a well-designed plan and effective project planning. When thinking about constructing a structure there are a lot of things to keep in mind from the availability of materials, the environmental impact of the construction and the structure itself, budgeting, logistics, legal and safety issues being some.
Construction can be broadly classified into three types which are then sub-divided into other types. This article shall focus on the broad classifications. The three types are
• Building Construction
• Civil/Heavy Construction
• Industrial Construction
Building construction involves the construction or renovation of many essential building blocks including building foundations, columns, walls, floors, roofs, elevator/stairs. Finishing work like painting and plastering, building services like sanitation, electrical work, drainage and water supply, and external work like walls or fences are also considered to be part of this type of construction.
Building construction is broadly divided into three-superstructure, substructure, and plinth. The plinth is the dividing line between the substructure and the superstructure which is the foundation of the building and the building itself respectively. Almost all construction projects will have some common elements to it which include financial considerations, legal considerations, and the design of the structure.
Building construction can be classified further into types I-a, -b, II-a, II-b, III-a, III-b, iv, v-a and v-b. The type of a building will depend on what kind of materials are being used and their flammability. Most common examples of building construction include residential homes, hotels and apartment complexes.
Civil or Heavy construction deals with infrastructure at a local or national level. Examples of such construction are harbours, railroads, bridges, canals, highways and roads. Like previously mentioned this type of construction can also be divided into different types or disciplines which can include structural engineering, environmental engineering, urban engineering, material engineering, and water resources engineering to name a few.
Industrial construction deals with the construction of materials like concrete, chemicals, power, gas, oil etc. There are a few sub-processes which include assembly of heavy equipment and its installation, pipe installations, scaffold erections, etc. This type of construction is employed in various industries which include petroleum, power generation, medicine, Concrete Contractor and chemical production. Highly specialized engineers are required in this industry as they need to be able to take a blueprint from paper to reality. They also need to work closely with other experts in various fields like accountants and mortgage bankers to create a financial management plan to be able to construct the required product or facility. Another important aspect of industrial construction is that they must adhere to all of the building and zoning laws and failure to do so will result in legal repercussions for the business owner. These projects must be designed in a way that they can be completed on time with no extra costs.